WHAT IS LEUKEMIA?

WHAT IS LEUKEMIA?

Leukemia is a cancer of the blood that affects the blood product system. Leukemia is classified as acute or chronic according to propagation and development of the tumor.

Generally, acute leukemia is the most common type of leukemia found among young children, while chronic leukemia is the most common type found among adults.

Acute leukemia is divided into 2 main groups according to the cell type: ALL (acute lymphoblastic leukemia) and AML (acute myeloblastic leukemia).

Chronic leukemia is also divided into 2 main groups according to the cell type: CML (chronic myeloid leukemia) and CLL (chronic lymphocytic leukemia).

These groups are also further subdivided.

The code change of the main cells in the bone marrow, where the blood cells develop from, is called BLAST. These cells spread rapidly and hold the bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, liver, brain and central nervous system.

WHAT ARE SYMPTOMS OF LEUKEMIA?

- Fever and weakness - Anemia - Swelling of the lymph nodes - Pain in the bones or joints

- Bleeding or bruising easily (purplish patches in the skin, or tiny red spots under the skin).

- Nosebleeds and bleeding gums - Weight loss


HOW IS LEUKEMIA TREATED?

The most common treatment of leukemia is very high-dose chemotherapy. The goal of this treatment is to destroy malignant cells, called BLAST. However, these chemotherapy drugs affect not only the malignant cells, but also damage vital and healthy cells and tissues. For this reason, chemo- therapy may cause hair loss, mouth and intestine sores, to name a few symptoms. Additionally, because of this, treatment may destroy the body’s defense cells, and hence, the immune system. This results in an immune system deficiency, which risks even a simple microbe to lead into a severe infectious disease.

For this reason, patients with leukemia put on masks to protect themselves against people around them and to avoid getting infections from the surrounding water and air.

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+7 (727) 292 05 80
+7 707 737 0 737
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+998 911 666 007 (Telegram 7/24)
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+381 38 244 744
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